How to care for small succulent plants in winter:
Winter temperatures may vary considerably, but in most regions of Europe, the average minimum temperatures can be as low as 3-5 degrees Celsius.
If you live in such conditions, your plants may be prone to low temperatures for prolonged periods of time. The prolonged exposure to low temperatures can lead to damaged or even killed plants. The minimum recommended temperature for most succulents is around 18 to 20 degrees Celsius.
The best way to care for your plants during the winter is to bring them inside or cover them with soil before temperatures drop. Although living in a greenhouse can provide enough warmth to maintain your plants' temperature inside during winter, it is not a practical option for many gardeners. If your house does not offer enough heat, you may consider one of the following methods to maintain optimal conditions:
A - 10 Mg of semi-dried mulch on top of the soil, with a dry pot on the top of the mulch
B - A polyethylene sheet stretched over the soil
C - Special grow boxes with a layer of pebbles on the bottom
- A - 10 Mg of semi-dried mulch on top of the soil, with a dry pot on the top of the mulch B - A polyethylene sheet stretched over the soil C - Special grow boxes with a layer of pebbles on the bottom E1 - Put the pot in a bowl of water.
- Put the pot in a bowl of water. E2 - Put the pot into a slightly bigger container of water.
E3 - Fill a shallow saucer with water and place the pot on the saucer.
1. Store your plants in a dry place with temperatures higher than 8 degrees Celsius
Choose a warm, dry place with no direct sunlight. This can be your garage, attic, or even the corner of your basement. Store your plants in an environment that does not freeze during winter. These places are prone to constant low temperatures, which is harmful to succulents.
If your plants were set outdoors in summer, you may need to bring them inside if temperatures drop below 8 degrees Celsius for a few days.
2. Keep your plants at a temperature above 18 degrees Celsius
Most succulents are considered to be hardy to temperatures of -7 degrees Celsius, but some tropical varieties may have a lower minimum temperature requirement. To maintain optimal conditions during winter, your plants' minimum temperature should be 18 to 20 degrees Celsius.
The ideal temperature for your plants is around 18 to 20 degrees Celsius. Provide sufficient light, but not so much that the plants may be left without sufficient food for long periods of time.
During winter, water your plants 2 to 4 times a week and keep the soil damp, but not wet. Because of the lack of light and hot temperatures, the root structure of your plants can reduce significantly, so water moderately.
A humid environment helps succulents recover from periods without water. To maintain optimal humidity for your plants, use a few small humidifiers and mist them daily. If there are no humidifiers in your home, mist the plants with a spray bottle and gently spray the plants.
Since the plants do not require much light in winter, they will not need to be watered very frequently. Provide enough nutrients, especially during the first two weeks of the winter, to maintain the health of your plants.
3. Provide a greenhouse in which to protect your plants
If you live in areas with more extreme temperatures, you may need to provide some sort of protection for your plants. Make sure that the greenhouse is equipped with heaters and a ventilation system.
For extra protection, you can place a big pan of water in the greenhouse and keep the soil above it moist.
If you live in a cold area, it may not be possible to grow succulents outdoors during winter. In such cases, you can protect your plants with a greenhouse and provide an area of humid air.
4. Use an air conditioner and humidifiers to protect your plants from the dry air
Air conditioners may be harmful to succulents because the dry air can dry out the plants. If your air conditioner does not have a dehumidifying system, you should install one or use an electric heater to provide moisture.
If you are in a cold region and do not have access to humidifiers, you can try using a humidifier.
Make sure that your air conditioner has an automatic mode, so it will only operate when the humidity inside the greenhouse or room drops below 50%. In a similar manner, make sure that the humidifiers will only operate when temperatures are below 25 degrees Celsius.
5. Cover your plants with soil or soil-mulch
When the average minimum temperature in your region drops below 10 degrees Celsius, place a thick layer of soil or soil-mulch around your plants. If you have not yet done so, it is time to prepare your greenhouse.
Spread the soil on the greenhouse floor or cover the soil with a roof-shaped polyethylene sheet. These coverings will protect the soil from freezing and help retain moisture.
Store the soil in a dry place with temperatures of at least 10 degrees Celsius.
6. Give your plants moisture and allow them to dry out
The minimum average temperature in your region may drop below zero degrees Celsius. As temperatures drop, moisture can accumulate inside your plants, which is harmful to them.
It is important that your plants do not become waterlogged. If the soil has not already frozen, it should have sufficient moisture. You should check your plants' soil about two weeks after the winter season begins.
- If the soil is too moist, you may need to add more soil.
- If the soil is too dry, you may need to water it.
Do not overwater or overwater with fertilizer. You should water your plants moderately and provide sufficient nutrition for them. If you add too much fertilizer, it can lead to plants that are weaker, more susceptible to illness, and lower yields.
If you need to water